Automating rclone (crontab, etc)

Good afternoon! I currently use rclone to backup many different file sources to different cloud providers. I'm looking at ways to automate this. What is the simplest way, I have a good many I would like to automate?

Thanks in advance for the assistance.


Have you considered using Crontab + Rsync?

For example, running something like:

rsync -aP /path/to/source/ /path/to/destination

running this command again would mean that only the changed files are synced - nothing else!

Just a thought, I am no expert :slight_smile:

I use rync now. I was looking for an easy way to automate the process. Crontab was def on the table. That is actually what I ended up doing. Thanks!

I use it from cron on a nightly basis to send my backups offsite. I just run this script

#!/bin/ksh -p

if [ -t 1 ]

  cd /$1 || exit
  echo $(date) Starting $3

  /home/sweh/bin/rclone -v --stats=$stats --config /home/sweh/.config/rclone/rclone.conf $2 . $3 $4 2>&1 | grep --line-buffered -v symlink
  echo $(date) Ended $3           

rc /BACKUP sync OneDriveBackups: '--exclude /old_stuff/**' | grep --line-buffered -v 'INFO.* Copied .new' | grep --line-buffered -v 'INFO.* Deleted$'

rc /Media/mp3 sync OneDriveMusic:mp3
rc /Media/audio sync OneDriveMusic:flac

I don't need to be told about add/deletes to the /BACKUP directory 'cos I expect that to change every night, but if the mp3 or flac area changes I want to know.

@sweh while I write scripts to automate some things, I'm a little lost at the script -- even walking through it slowly.

You have some parameters, got it.

When you are changing directories "cd /$1" what does the $1 represent? I basically am not following the code from that point. I understand the obvious things like config file locations, just a lot more complicated than how I run it.

If you could explain the steps, I would appreciate it.

  • rc() { ... } is a shell function definition with 4 positional parameters
  • rc arg1 arg2 arg3 arg4 is an invocation example where
    • $0 == "rc"
    • $1 == "arg1"
    • $2 == "arg2"
    • $3 == "arg3"
    • $4 == "arg4"
  • @sweh is using KornShell (/bin/ksh)
  • I typically use Bash (/bin/bash)
  • Both are similar with respect to Shell Functions

Bash Reference Manual

rc() is a function. It takes various parameters. These parameters are called positional parameters. The first parameter passed is stored in$1, the second in$2 and so on.

So when I make a call such as

rc /BACKUP sync OneDriveBackups: '--exclude /old_stuff/**' 

then I'm calling the function rc() and $1 $2 etc get populated with the parameters.

In this case

$1 == /BACKUP
$2 == sync
$3 == OneDriveBackups:
$4 == '--exclude /old_stuff/**'

So the cd $1 becomes the same as cd /BACKUP. The same applies to the echo and rclone lines.


rsync does not copy to cloud storage.

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